Grapes

How to start vineyard
GRAPE GROWING SECRETS
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EBOOK AUDIO BOOK
Format PDF Format N/A
Pages 57 Total running time (hh:mm:ss) N/A
File(s) 1 File(s) N/A
Total file(s) size 883 Kb Total file(s) size N/A
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART 1 - STARTING A VINEYARD
Creating the Vineyard 4
Why Start a Vineyard? 5
Essential Points About Grape Growing 6
Selecting Viable Land for a Vineyard 7
In Focus: Ideal Soil for Grape Vines 8
Vineyard Preparation 10
Notes on Using Organic Fertilizers 11
Naturally Available Nutrients in Manure 12
Guidelines for Limestone & Nutrient Application 13
PART 2 - VINEYARD CARE
Preparing the Vineyard for the Planting Season 17
Planting Cover Crops in the Vineyard 18
Designing Your Vineyard 20
General Guidelines for Vineyard Design 21
Proper Row Positioning 21
Notes on Proper Row Spacing 22
General Layout of the Vineyard 24
Step by Step Guide to Installing a Trellis System 25
Checklist for the Annual Care of Grape Vineyards 28
PART 3 - SELECTING & PLANTING CROPS
Guidelines for Selecting Grape Cultivars 42
Grape Species & Cultivars 46
Planting the Grapes 50
Ordering the Grape Stocks 50
Pruning New Stocks 51
Planting Period 52
Preserving the Root System 53
Spring Planting 53
Fall Planting 54
Organic Farming & Disease Management 55
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE EBOOK
  • How to choose the right area for your vineyard…
  • 5 good reasons to start your own vineyard…
  • Essential points (4) in growing grapes – know what grape-growing entails so you know what you’re embarking on…
  • The 5 biggest US markets that are in dire need of grapes year-round…
  • Growing grapes for consumption vs. growing grapes for wine – pros and cons…
  • The success formula in the grape growing business…
  • General guidelines when selecting viable land for your vineyard…
  • 5 things a grape vineyard needs to thrive…
  • The ideal soil for a vineyard – 4 characteristics of a great soil…
  • 2 bad things that can happen to your grapes yield and vineyard if you use soil with poor drainage…
  • Soil preparation tips – how to obtain neutral to alkaline soil when the pH level of your soil is too acidic…
  • The ideal chemical properties of a good soil…
  • Soil analysis – how often should you do it, and how to obtain a core sample for lab analysis…
  • – Table – Organic fertilizers – breakdown of the nutrient content of common manures…
  • Added benefits of using organic manure to fertilize your vineyard…
  • Grapes growing tips and cautions – tobacco stalks and leaching…
  • Ideal pH ranges for:

– American hybrids
– French-American hybrids
– European grapes

  • When to adjust the reserved acidity of the soil…
  • Adding nitrogen – how much should you apply to your soil, and when is this nutrient most needed…
  • When is magnesium needed?
  • The establishment phase – what it is, and why it matters…
  • – Tables (3) – Application guidelines for potassium (K), magnesium (Mg) and phosphate (PO43-) fertilizers…
  • – Tables (3) – How much ground limestone is needed to attain a pH level of 6.4, 6.6, and 6.8 after soil sampling…
  • The 3 major phases of vineyard preparation – classification, description and reasoning…
  • 18 known perennial weeds that are considered pests to grapes…
  • What propagules are; 5 common propagules you might find in your vineyard…
  • How, and when should you deal with weed pests?
  • The 2-way importance of a cover crop…
  • Temporary vs. permanent cover crops…
  • Last minute preparations before planting the grape vines…
  • Vineyard designing goals (5)…
  • Tips for designing your vineyard…
  • The 3 decisive factors of proper row positioning…
  • Row positioning tips for raisin vineyards…
  • Row positioning tips for windy areas…
  • Marketability tips – how to retain the juice quality of your grapes…
  • The maximum and the optimal numbers of grape buds for one foot of grape vines…
  • Spacing tips for American and French-American hybrid cultivars…
  • Spacing tips for European cultivars…
  • How many grape vines per acre of land yields a bountiful harvest…
  • Numbers in your vineyard – know these numbers so you can get the best possible harvest for your area, soil and climate…

– row spacing (in feet) for each type of cultivar
– grape buds per vine per type of cultivar
– vines per acre of land for each type of cultivar
– optimal length of rows

  • Square layout vs. rectangular layout – which layout can save you time and money, and why…
  • Sprinkler vs. drip irrigation system – pros and cons…
  • The Trellis system, or how to train the vines to grow in a particular direction – step by step guide (18 steps with detailed instructions)…
  • Annual vineyard maintenance, broken down by month, March to October (checklist)…
  • March – initial pruning + 5 other tasks…
  • – Table – Pruning practices that should be used depending on the number of dead primary grape buds…
  • The 2 most common pests to watch out for…
  • April – installing vine protection (3 methods) and 3 other tasks that should be carried out this month…
  • Cane borer, phylloxera, cane gallmaker and cane girdler – the 4 most common vineyard pests: how to identify them…
  • Shoot thinning (suckering) – what is this and how to do it?
  • Cluster thinning…
  • 8 vineyard maintenance tasks for the month of May…
  • June & July – it’s all about pests (9 pest management tasks)…
  • How to estimate how much you’ll be harvesting for the year…
  • How to deal with water sprouts…
  • 7 great benefits of thinning shoots…
  • How to maintain a narrow single canopy…
  • Botrytis (aka. botrytis blight or gray mold) – how to spot it and how to deal with this pest?
  • When is the right time for leaf thinning…
  • How to tell when your grape cultivar has fully matured…
  • Your main concerns during the month of August, and the 2 pests that you’ll have to deal with…
  • Post-harvest tasks for September – watch out for the powdery mildew!
  • Tips for choosing the right cultivars for your vineyard…
  • Vitis vinifera – strategies to prevent the mass die-off of the (non-adaptable) Vitis vinifera species of grape vines…
  • 7 cultivars – 2 for consumption, 5 for wine making – that are adaptive to Midwest regions…
  • – Table – Grape species and their main characteristics…
  • Tips for ordering the stocks and planting the grapes…
  • Tips for pruning and storing the stocks until you have time to plant them…
  • The importance of organic mulch in storing grape stock…
  • Mechanical planting vs. manual planting – which is best, and why?
  • Easy methods (2) of keeping the root systems of the cuttings moist…
  • Tips for digging holes, and preserving the root system (very important)…
  • Spring planting vs. fall planting – when is the best time to plant grape cuttings, and why?
  • Important reminders for fall planting…
  • Vine disease – one of the biggest obstacles to maintaining a healthy vineyard…
  • 2 great American species with solid resistance to grape diseases caused by fungi or bacteria…
  • Disease management – natural methods for controlling pests vs. fungicides and herbicides…
  • Tips for choosing organic methods of growing and maintaining grapes…